Well Women Screening

Women are becoming more aware of the importance of a regular health checks to detect any problems as early as possible. The well-woman screening programme is designed for women of any age to detect signs of cervical cancer, breast problems and common gynaecological disorders. The well women screening consists of the following:

  • Detailed medical history
  • General examination including breast examination
  • Blood pressure and BMI measurement
  • Pelvic examination(internal examination)
  • Cervical smear test(pap smear test)
  • Pelvic ultrasound evaluation
  • Urine test / analysis
  • Blood test including lipid profile (cholesterol), haemoglobin, liver & renal function tests, glucose etc
  • Specialised test, if need arises, such as cancer markers

 

Women are becoming more aware of the importance of a regular health checks to detect any problems as early as possible. The well-woman screening programme is designed for women of any age to detect signs of cervical cancer, breast problems and common gynaecological disorders. The well women screening consists of the following:
Detailed medical history
General examination including breast examination
Blood pressure and BMI measurement
Pelvic examination(internal examination)
Cervical smear test(pap smear test)
Pelvic ultrasound evaluation
Urine test / analysis
Blood test including lipid profile (cholesterol), haemoglobin, liver & renal function tests, glucose etc
Specialised test, if need arises, such as cancer markers
 

Cervical cancer screening, prevention and treatment

Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer worldwide and the second most common cause of cancer deaths amongst Malaysian women. Sexually active women may be at risk of being affected by cervical cancer or the early stages of the disease.Cervical cancer screening involves routine Pap smear tests aimed at women with no symptoms. It is currently recommended that all women who has had sexual intercourse should have regular Pap smear tests so that problems can be detected at an early stage and thus treated before they become a serious condition like cervical cancer.Cervical cancer is caused by the Human Papilloma Virus(HPV).There are over 100 identified types of HPV most of which are harmless and exhibit no symptoms. HPV is spread through sexual contact. There are 15 cancer-causing types which can lead to cervical cancer; HPV 16 and 18 together cause more than 70% of all cervical cancers in Asia Pacific and worldwide. Cancer-causing HPV types 16, 18, 45 and 31 together account for over 80% of cervical cancer cases in Asia Pacific.Currently, there are vaccines available to prevent cervical cancer. Cervical cancer vaccine helps prevent but does not treat these diseases. However, the vaccine is not a substitute for routine Pap smears for cervical cancer screening.
Colposcopy
Colposcopy is one way of looking at the cervix through a special magnifying device. This allows us to find problems on the cervix  that cannot be seen by the naked eye alone. It is a relatively painless procedure in which the cervix is examined under magnification after a mild vinegar-like solution (acetic acid) is applied to the cervix. Biopsies of abnormal areas are taken for further evaluation and treatment can be performed based on these results.The methods of treating pre-cancerous changes of the cervix include laser vaporization, LEEP and cone biopsy with laser, diathermy or knife.